inductive generalization

Answer:

an argument in which a conclusion about a group is allegedly established as probably true by observing a sample of that group.

argument by analogy

Answer:

an argument in which a conslusion about an object or event is allegedly established as probably true by noting similarities between it and another object or event.

belief

Answer:

the mental acceptance of a statment as true

proposition

Answer:

that which can be stated in a declarative sentence and is thereby true or false; these are also known as an "assertion", "claim" or "statement", and are often signified by capital letters such as P, Q, and R

conjunction

Answer:

a statement of the form 'P and Q'; these statments are true if both P and Q are true

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