All of the following are Pavlov's major contributions to the field of psychology EXCEPT:

  1. his methods demonstrated the importance of subjective judgments.

  2. principles of learning apply across species.

  3. the discipline of psychology could be based on objective laboratory methods.

  4. significant psychological phenomena can be studied objectively.

Answer:

a

In classical conditioning, this is the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth.

  1. neutral stimulus

  2. unconditioned response (UR)

  3. conditioned/neutral stimulus (CS)

  4. conditioned response (CR)

Answer:

b

John B. Watson believed that psychology should be the science of:

  1. genetic predispositions.

  2. cognitive processes.

  3. observable behavior.

  4. emotional outcomes.

Answer:

c

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