Mainstream Culture

Answer:

Basic culture that enables all of us to co-exist within a larger, single society

In a diverse society, mainstream culture consists of:

Answer:

1. The most common language
2. The most basic social institutions
3. Material artifacts and technology in use
4. Values to which most people subscribe

Protonorm

Answer:

A single, universal principle that underpins all systemic ethics: the sacredness of life

Master Norms (Core Values)

Answer:

3 basic ethical principles:
1. respect for human dignity
2. truthtelling
3. nonviolence
*take on different forms in different cultures

5 Dimensions among which cultures can vary:

Answer:

1. Individualism/Collectivism
2. High/Low Context
3. Power Distance
4. Masculinity/Femininity
5. Uncertainty Avoidance

High Uncertainty Avoidance

Answer:

-Less tolerance for diversity
-Like rules and predictable behavior
-Like lots of info and little ambiguity
-Ex: Belgium

Low Uncertainty Avoidance

Answer:

-More open to diversity
-Tolerate change and ambiguity better
-Ex: Jamaica, U.S., Canada

Barriers to Intercultural Understanding

Answer:

1. Languages
2. Ethnocentrism
3. Stereotyping
4. Polarization

Pew Global Attitudes Project

Answer:

-Older people in Western societies seem to have stronger pride in their culture than younger people
-In Eastern Europe, people of all ages tend to regard their culture as superior to others
-Stronger ethnocentrism in Asia, Africa, and Latin America

Defensive Projection

Answer:

Occurs when we see our own undesirable qualities in other people