Injury Control/harm reduction

Answer:

practices that are aimed at anticipating, controlling, and preventing dangerous activities; these practices reflect the beliefs that accidents are not random and that injuries can be made less harmful if proper controls are in place

3 Levels of Prevention

Answer:

Primary- Actions that change overall background conditions to prevent some unwanted event or circumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse
Secondary- actions that avert harm in a high-risk situation, such as stopping a car before it hits a pedestrian
Tertiary- Actions, such as immediate and effective medical treatment, that are taken after an adverse event (such as illness of injury) occurs and that are aimed at reducing the harm or preventing disability

Primary Prevention

Answer:

involves building preventative measures into the everyday environment, focuses on macrosystem and exosystem
ex.) stable neighborhoods; family cohesion; income equality; and any measure that decreases financial instability, family isolation, and teenage parenthood

Tertiary Prevention

Answer:

measures aimed at reducing damage after injury has occurred
-ex. laws against leaving the scene of an automobile accident, improved emergency room procedures, etc
-includes everything intended to reduce harm when maltreatment has already occurred. Reporting and substantiating abuse are the first steps. Arrange help or remove child from family. Hospitalization is a sign of failure.

Contributions of Maltreatment

Answer:

difficult baby
depressed parents
financial stress

Child Maltreatment

Answer:

intentional harm to or avoidable endangerment of anyone under 18 years of age

Child Abuse

Answer:

Deliberate action that is harmful to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual well-being

Child Neglect

Answer:

failure to meet a child's basic physical, educational, or emotional needs

reported maltreatment

Answer:

harm or endangerment about, harm or endangerment about which someone has notified the authorities

substantiated maltreatment

Answer:

harm or endangerment that has been reported, investigated, and verified