Exceptional Children

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This term includes children with learning difficulties and those with gifted, superior performance.

Impairment

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The loss or a reduced function of a particular body part or organ.

Disability

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Term referring to when an impairment limits a person's ability to perform certain tasks in the same way that most persons do.

Handicap

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A problem or disadvantage that a person with a disability or an impairment encounters when interacting with the environment.

At-Risk

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Refers to children who, although not currently identified as having a disability, are considered to have a greater-than-usual chance of developing one.

IDEA

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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Labeling a problem is the first step in dealing with it appropriately. Labels can serve to differentiate those eligible for services from those not eligible. Classification facilitates communication between professionals and evaluate research findings.

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Examples of possible advantages of labeling and classification

Labels enable disability-specific advocacy groups to promote specific programs and spur legislative action. Labeling makes children's special needs more visible to policy makers and the public.

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Examples of possible advantages of labeling and classification

Labels may bias perception or attention directed towards' individuals weaknesses and away from their strengths. Labels may stigmatize and lead to ridicule. Labels may facilitate lower expectations from teachers.

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Examples of possible Disadvantages of labeling and classification

Labels may negative effect self esteem. Labels are misused as explanatory constructs, instead of their intended use as descriptions.Labels result in tendency to assume all characteristics typically associated with the label apply to the individual with th

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Examples of possible Disadvantages of labeling and classification