distortions

Answer:

Articulation disorder in which a sound is said inaccurately but resembles the intended sound (eg. shlip or sip)

cluttering

Answer:

Type of fluency disorder involving cognitive, linguistic, pragmatic, speech, and or motor abilities

phonation

Answer:

Includes speech factors of pitch, loudness, and quality

resonance

Answer:

Sound quality of speech

hypernasality

Answer:

Disorder of voice resonance, frequently observed as a result of cleft palate, in which too much air passes through the nasal cavities during the production of sounds, giving the speaker a distinctive nasal quality or "twang"

hyponasality

Answer:

Disorder of voice resonance in which there is a restricted flow of air through the nostrils, often resulting in the speaker's sounding as if his or her nose is being held

apraxia of speech

Answer:

Speech and language disorder comprising both a speech disorder, caused by oral-motor difficulty, and a language disorder, characterized by the resultant limitations of expression

morphological disorder

Answer:

Difficulty learning and using morphological rules of language

syntactical deficits

Answer:

Difficulty in acquiring the rules that control word order and other aspects of grammar

semantic disorders

Answer:

Language difficulties associated with poor vocabulary development, inappropriate use of word meanings, and/or inability to comprehend word meanings