educable mentally retarded

Answer:

Classification of a person with mild intellectual disabilities who typically develops functional academic skills at a third- or fourth-grade level; IQ range generally between 50-55 and 70-75

trainable mentally retarded

Answer:

Classification of a person with moderate intellectual disabilities who is capable of learning self-care and social skills; IQ range generally between 35-40 and 50-55.

levels of support

Answer:

A classification scheme for individuals with intellectual disabilities that is based on the type and extent of assistance required to function in various areas

natural supports

Answer:

Assitance rendered by family members, friends, teachers, and coworkers

formal supports

Answer:

Assistance provided by government social programs, habilitiation services, or advocacy groups

deinstitionalization

Answer:

a movement whereby persons with intellectual disabilities are relocated from large institions into smaller, community-based group living settings

fetal alcohol syndrome

Answer:

Results from mother's consumption of alcohol while pregnant; mild to moderate intellectual ldisabilities are common, along with physical deformities. A leading cause of intellectual disabilities, although completely preventable

external locus of control

Answer:

The belief that the consequences or outcomes of a person's actions are a result of circumstances and situations beyond one's control rather than a result of one's own efforts

outer-directedness

Answer:

A condition characterized by a loss of confidence in one's own capabilities and a reliance on others for cues and glances

generalizing

Answer:

The ability to transfer perviously learned knowledge or skills acquired in one setting to another set of circumstances or situation