bulk-gaining industry

Answer:

An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.

bulk-reducing industry

Answer:

An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.

cottage industry

Answer:

Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.

Fordist production

Answer:

Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.

labor-intensive industry

Answer:

An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.

maquiladora

Answer:

Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.

new international division of labor

Answer:

Transfer of some types of jobs, those requiring less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries.

outsourcing

Answer:

A decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers.

Post-Fordist production

Answer:

Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that perform a variety of tasks.

right-to-work state

Answer:

A US state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.