communist-party state

Answer:

a type of nation-state in which the communist party attempts to exercise a complete monopoly on political power and controls all important state functions

Marxism-Leninism

Answer:

the theoretical foundation of communism based on the ideas of German philosopher, Marx, and the leader of the Russian Revolution, Lenin

autonomous regions

Answer:

In the People's Republic of China, a territorial unit equivalent to a province that contains a large concentration of ethnic minorities. These regions (eg Tibet) have some autonomy in the cultural sphere but in most policy matters are strictly subordinate to the central government

guerrilla warfare

Answer:

a military strategy based on small, highly mobile bands of soldiers who use hit-and-run tactics like ambushes to attack a better-armed enemy

newly industrialized country (NIC)

Answer:

term used to describe a group of countries that achieved rapid economic development beginning in the 1960's, largely stimulated by robust international trade and guided by government policies

authoritarianism

Answer:

a system of rule in which power depends not on popular legitimacy but on the coercive force of the political authorities; few personal and group freedoms; near absolute power in the executive branch and few, if any, legislative and judicial controls

collectivization

Answer:

a process undertaken in the Soviet Union under Stalin in the late 1920s and early 1930s and in China under Mao in the 1950s, by which agricultural land was removed from private ownership and organized into large state and collective farms

Hundred Flowers Movement

Answer:

refers to Period in 1956-7 when Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong encouraged citizens, particularly intellectuals, to speak out and give their views on how to improve China's government. Mao shocked by the depth of criticism of communist rule and cracked down

Anti-Rightist Campaign

Answer:

launched by Mao and aimed at critics of the CCP; labelled rightists or counterrevolutioneries. Millions affected and hundreds of thousands sent to labor reform camps. Many not released till after Mao's death.

Great Leap Forward

Answer:

a movement launched by Mao in 1958 to industrialize China very rapidly and thereby propel it toward communism; ended in economic disaster in 1960 causing one of the worst famines in human history