mineralogy

Answer:

the study of minerals

covalent bonds

Answer:

the bond produced by the sharing of electrons

color property of minerals

Answer:

feature of mineral that is often unreliable diagnostic property

silicon and oxygen

Answer:

two most abundant elements, combine to form the most common mineral group, silicates

feldspars

Answer:

most plentiful silicate group, more that 50% of Earth's crust

Quartz

Answer:

2nd most abundant mineral in crust, only common mineral made completely of silicon and oxygen

ferromagnesian silicates

Answer:

dark silicates, minerals containing ions of iron and or magnesium in their structure

nonferromagnesian silicates

Answer:

light silicates, have specific gravity of about 2.7, contain aluminum, potassium, calcium, and sodium, not iron or magnesium, most common feldspars

atomic mass number

Answer:

the total number or neurons and protons in an atom

atomic weight

Answer:

the sum of the weight of the subatomic particles in an average atom of an element, given in atomic mass units