an important Swahili city-state and trading center between 1100 and 1500; the main part of Kenya on the Indian Ocean.
Ruler of the Kongo in west-central Africa who wanted to create a modern Christian state by converting Africans to Christians. He also wanted to stop the slave trade, but was unsuccessful
arose from successive waves of settlement be the Yoruba people of present day nigeria grew because of slave trade profits
1736-1796, stopped Mongol invasions and had dual government positions for Chinese and Manchu's