Health and Human Services

Answer:

$57.7B (32.8%) of the total budget. Encompasses public assistance, Medicaid for the poor, and a variety of other programs. Provides a variety of social services, including Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), Medicaid, and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). The commission also coordinates planning, rule making, and budgeting among its four subsidiary social service agencies, the Department of Aging and Disability Services, the Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services, the Department of Family and Protective Services, and the Department of State Health Services.

Transportation

Answer:

$18.6B (10.2%) of the total budget.

Texas Total Spending Budget

Answer:

$182.2B (100%)

House Bill 72

Answer:

Passed in 1984 to establish statewide accountability standards for student performance and teacher competence.

Accountability

Answer:

Responsibility for a program's results; for example, using measurable standards to hold public schools responsible for their students' performance.

Public School Administration

Answer:

Substantial local control in a joint state-local partnership, Emphasis on "professional" administration supervised by laypersons, and Independence from the general structure of government.

State Administration (SBOE)

Answer:

Established the basic decision-making organizations and financial arrangements for public education in the state. 4 year overlapping terms in 15 single member districts, and together they establish general rules and guidelines for the TEA. The SBOE leaves most routine managerial decisions to the Commissioner of Education.

Textbooks

Answer:

SBOE selects a list of approved textbooks that the state may buy for public school courses. Intense political battles between conservative and liberal groups. SBOE can only determine the "accuracy" of textbooks, but it has used this power to pressure publisher to submit text that reflect the political and religious values of its members.

Social Promotion

Answer:

Passing a student to the next grade on the basis of his or her age rather than level of learning.

The Permanent School Fund (PSF)

Answer:

State funding established in 1854 and invests receipts of rentals, sales, and mineral royalties from Texas public lands.Only interest and dividends from this permanent endowment may be spent.