inductive generalization

Answer:

an argument in which a conclusion about a group is allegedly established as probably true by observing a sample of that group.

argument by analogy

Answer:

an argument in which a conslusion about an object or event is allegedly established as probably true by noting similarities between it and another object or event.

belief

Answer:

the mental acceptance of a statment as true

proposition

Answer:

that which can be stated in a declarative sentence and is thereby true or false; these are also known as an "assertion", "claim" or "statement", and are often signified by capital letters such as P, Q, and R

conjunction

Answer:

a statement of the form 'P and Q'; these statments are true if both P and Q are true

conjunct

Answer:

one of the propositions that comprise a conjunction

contradiction

Answer:

the conjunction of a statement and its negation, both of which are claimed to be true

philosophy

Answer:

attempting to descern and remove contradictions among nonempirical, reasoned beliefs that have universal importance, with the resulting benefit of achieving a greater understanding of the world and our place within it.

argument

Answer:

a group of propositions, one of which is allegedly proved true by the others

conclusion

Answer:

the one proposition in an argument that is allegedly proved true by the other propositions