Naturalistic Observation

Answer:

observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate or control the situation

Replication

Answer:

the repetition of an experiment in order to test the validity of its conclusion

Goals of Psychology

Answer:

to describe, explain, predict, and control behavior/mental process.

Hypothesis

Answer:

A testable prediction, often implied by a theory

Theory

Answer:

An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events

Psychology

Answer:

The scientific study of behavior and mental processes

Scientific Method

Answer:

a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and solve problems

Gestalt

Answer:

a configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts

Evolutionary Psychology

Answer:

the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection

Biological Psychology

Answer:

a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior (physiological)