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"Thorndike's law of effect became the basis for operant conditioning and the ""behavioral technology"" developed by"

  1. Ivan Pavlov

  2. John Garcia

  3. B.F. Skinner

  4. John B. Watson

Answer:

c

The partial reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable times is a

  1. fixed interval schedule

  2. variable interval schedule

  3. fixed ratio schedule

  4. variable ratio schedule

Answer:

b

"A medieval proverb notes that ""a burnt child dreads the fire."" In operant conditioning, the burning would be an example of a"

  1. primary reinforcer

  2. negative reinforcer

  3. punisher

  4. positive reinforcer

Answer:

c

learning by observing others

Answer:

observational learning

the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior.

Answer:

modeling

frontal lobe neurons that fire when performing certain actions or when observing another doing so.

Answer:

mirror neurons

The brain's mirror of another's action that may enable imitation and empathy.

Answer:

mirror neurons

positive, constructive, helpful behavior. The opposite of antisocial behavior.

Answer:

prosocial behavior

In the example of classical conditioning in which the child feared the doctor, the CS was:

  1. fear.

  2. a painful injection.

  3. a severe illness.

  4. the presence of the doctor.

Answer:

d

In the example of the child fearing the doctor, the child's fear of a scientist in a white lab coat illustrates the process of:

  1. shaping.

  2. spontaneous recovery.

  3. latent learning.

  4. generalization.

  5. secondary reinforcement.

Answer:

d