Evidence that emotion precedes physiological arousal would be most inconsistent with the _______. Evidence that emotion precedes mentally labeling our physiological arousal would be most inconsistent with the ________.

  1. relative deprivation principle; adaptation-level principle

  2. adaptation-level principle; relative deprivation principle

  3. James-Lange theory; two-factor theory

  4. two-factor theory; James-Lange theory

Answer:

C

Prototype is to category as ________ is to ________.

  1. wheel; car

  2. milk; beverage

  3. waiter; restaurant

  4. comedian; laughter

Answer:

B

Although 3-year-old Adam happily explores the attractive toys located in the dentist's waiting room, he periodically returns to his mother's side for brief moments. Adam most clearly displays signs of

  1. secure attachment.

  2. object permanence.

  3. egocentrism.

  4. conservation.

  5. stranger anxiety.

Answer:

A

Which of the following psychoactive drugs produces the quickest and most powerful rush of euphoria?

  1. alcohol

  2. marijuana

  3. cocaine

  4. barbiturates

Answer:

C

Adoptive parents are least likely to influence the ________ of their adopted children.

  1. personality traits

  2. religious beliefs

  3. political attitudes

  4. moral values

Answer:

A

At a block party, Cyndi is introduced to eight new neighbors. Moments later, she can only remember the names of the first three and last two neighbors. Her experience illustrates

  1. source amnesia.

  2. the next-in-line effect.

  3. the spacing effect.

  4. implicit memory.

  5. the serial position effect.

Answer:

E

Every twenty-fifth person who ordered a subscription to a weekly news magazine was contacted by market researchers to complete a survey of opinions regarding the magazine's contents. The researchers were most clearly employing a technique known as

  1. naturalistic observation.

  2. the double-blind procedure.

  3. random sampling.

  4. the case study.

  5. replication.

Answer:

C

The dramatic increase in Americans' premarital sexual activity over the past half-century best illustrates that sexual behavior is influenced by

  1. temperament.

  2. natural selection.

  3. testosterone.

  4. norms.

Answer:

D

They have most likely suffered damage to the

  1. hippocampus.

  2. cerebellum.

  3. hypothalamus.

  4. amygdala.

Answer:

A

Need is to drive as ________ is to _______.

  1. food deprivation; hunger

  2. motivation; incentive

  3. thirst; basal metabolic rate

  4. instinct; incentive

Answer:

A