With his concern for “mental orthopedics,” Alfred Binet would have been most enthusiastic about

  1. eugenics.

  2. factor analysis.

  3. predictive validity.

  4. Head Start programs.

  5. the normal curve.

Answer:

D

The moon illusion refers to our tendency to perceive the moon as unusually ________ when it is ________.

  1. large; near the horizon

  2. large; high in the sky

  3. bright; near the horizon

  4. bright; high in the sky

Answer:

A

Maintaining one's conceptions even after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited is known as

  1. the representativeness heuristic.

  2. belief perseverance.

  3. confirmation bias.

  4. functional fixedness.

  5. the availability heuristic.

Answer:

B

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