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The way in which you quickly group the individual letters in this test item into separate words best illustrates the principle of

  1. closure.

  2. proximity.

  3. interposition.

  4. convergence.

  5. continuity.

Answer:

B

When retested on the WAIS, people's second scores generally match their first scores quite closely. This indicates that the test has a high degree of

  1. reliability.

  2. content validity.

  3. heritability.

  4. predictive validity.

Answer:

A

Less than 10 percent of children's personality differences are attributable to the various ________ shared by family members.

  1. genes

  2. temperaments

  3. home environments

  4. cultural settings

Answer:

C

The ________ can be a particularly misleading indication of what is average for a ________ distribution of scores.

  1. mean; skewed

  2. median; skewed

  3. mean; normal

  4. median; normal

Answer:

A

We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird.

  1. heuristic

  2. prototype

  3. algorithm

  4. phoneme

Answer:

B

During Piaget's sensorimotor stage, children acquire a

  1. theory of mind.

  2. concept of conservation.

  3. sense of object permanence.

  4. capacity for abstract reasoning.

Answer:

C

Psychological theories

  1. organize scientific observations.

  2. explain observed facts.

  3. generate hypotheses.

  4. do all of the above.

Answer:

D

If asked to press a button when they are tapped, people can respond in 1/10th of a second. This best illustrates the importance of

  1. subconscious information processing.

  2. biological rhythms.

  3. dissociation.

  4. hypnogogic sensations.

Answer:

A

The distinction between manifest content and latent content is central to ________ theory of dreams.

  1. the activation-synthesis

  2. the memory consolidation

  3. Freud's wish-fulfillment

  4. Hilgard's dissociation

Answer:

C

Some stroke victims lose the capacity to perceive motion but retain the capacity to perceive shapes and colors. Others lose the capacity to perceive colors but retain the capacity to perceive movement and form. These peculiar visual disabilities best illu

  1. sensory adaptation.

  2. parallel processing.

  3. sensory interaction.

  4. accommodation.

  5. prosopagnosia.

Answer:

B