In the epochal 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court

  1. " declared that the concept of ""separate but equal"" facilities for blacks and whites was unconstitutional."

  2. upheld its earlier decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.

  3. rejected desegregation.

  4. " supported the ""Declaration of Constitutional Principles"" issued by Congress."

  5. ordered immediate and total integration of all American schools.