The general adaptation syndrome (GAS) is activated by the:

  1. hypothalamus

  2. adrenal gland

  3. pituitary gland

  4. thyroid gland

  5. release of glucocorticoids

Answer:

a

If you were to eat four sugar glaze doughnuts and a large pepsi which hormone would you expect to be secreted at higher levels:

  1. insulin

  2. epinephrine

  3. glucagon

  4. cortisol

  5. oxytocin

Answer:

a

Somatostatin is secreted by the:

  1. pancreatic F-cells

  2. pancreatic delta cells

  3. zona fasciculata

  4. parafollicular cells

  5. posterior pituitary

Answer:

b

Hyposecretion of cortisol can cause:

  1. cretinism

  2. diabetes mellitus

  3. diabetes insipidus

  4. Addison

  5. Grave

Answer:

d

A tumor in the adrenal zona glomerulosa can cause hypersecretion of hormones produced in that region. Which of the following might you expect to find in a patient with such a tumor:

  1. increased blood sodium levels

  2. increased blood glucose levels

  3. decreased blood calcium levels

  4. increased dehydration

  5. increased ketoacidosis

Answer:

a

Oxytocin is secreted by the:

  1. adenohypophysis

  2. neurohypophysis

  3. zona glomerulosa

  4. pars intermedia

  5. cervix

Answer:

b

A lack of or decrease in insulin hormone receptors on cells can result in:

  1. diabetes insipidus

  2. type I diabetes mellitus

  3. type II diabetes mellitus

  4. insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

  5. juvenile diabetes

Answer:

c

Vasopressin is the same hormone as:

  1. cortisol

  2. epinephrine

  3. ADH

  4. hGH

  5. oxytocin

Answer:

c

The general adaptation syndrome (GAS):

  1. is a mechanism to maintain homeostasis under stress

  2. resets the levels of controlled conditions in the body in response to stress

  3. is a part of the sympathetic (fight or flight) response

  4. reduces the amounts of stress your body encounters

  5. none of the above

Answer:

b

Which of the following characteristics is the same for the nervous and endocrine systems:

  1. target cells affected

  2. time to onset of actions

  3. duration of actions

  4. mechanism of signalling and communication

  5. none of the above

Answer:

e